Download Grammar Bahasa Inggris (Relative Pronoun)


*******RELATIVE PRONOUN*******

Relative Pronoun (kata ganti penghubung) digunakan untuk menggabungkan Induk Kalimat dan Anak Kalimat yang sama subyek maupun obyeknya. Sebagaimana kita tahu bahwa dalam Bahasa Inggris tidak ada suatu kata khusus yang dapat digunakan sebagai kata penghubung dengan arti yang dalam Bahasa Indonesia. Maka dalam hal ini kita akan menggunakan kata-kata who, whom, whose, which, that, sebagai kata ganti penghubung (yang).
Misalnya kita ingin mengatakan :
Anak wanita yang datang ke rumahmu tadi malam adalah adiknya John.
(The girl who came to your house last night is John’s sister).

Kalau kalimat tersebut kita pisahkan menjadi 2 kalimat maka akan menjadi :
The girl is John’s sister (Induk Kalimat)
The girl came to your house last night (Anak Kalimat)

Relative Pronoun terdiri dari 2 jenis yaitu :
1. Defining Relative : terbatas hanya menjelaskan kepada subyek dan ditulis tanpa tanda koma.
e.g. The boy who broke the school-window is Tom.

2. Non Defining Relative : tidak hanya terbatas dalam menjelaskan subyek tetapi terdapat suatu keterangan lebih lanjut tentang Subyek itu sendiri dan ditulis dengan tanda koma.
e.g. Tom, who is a naughty boy, broke the school-window.

Penggunaan Relative Pronoun
1. WHO/THAT, digunakan untuk orang sebagai subyek.
e.g. The man is my father. The man helped you yesterday.
 The man who helped you yesterday is my father.

I have met the man. The man writes this book.
 I have met the man who writes this book.

Do you know the boy ?. the boy bought my bicycle.
 Do you know the boy who bought my bicycle.

Susanti works for Garuda. Susanti is an air hostess.
 Susanti, who works for Garuda, is an air hostess.

My uncle is nearly fifty. He still plays badminton.
 My uncle who is nearly fifty, still plays badminton.

Note : that dapat digunakan untuk menggantikan who, whom, which.

2. WHOM/THAT, digunakan untuk orang sebagai obyek.
e.g. The man is my father. You helped the man yesterday.
 The man whom you helped yesterday is my father.

The girl is John’s sister. You spoke to the girl on the phone last night.
 The girl whom you spoke to on the phone last night is John’s sister.

The teacher is Mr. Winata. You studied English with him last year.
 The teacher whom you studied English with last year is Mr. Winata.

The girl is Mary. You received a letter from her yesterday.
 The girl whom you received a letter from yesterday is Mary.

Yesterday I saw your friend. I first met him at the party last month.
 Yesterday I saw your friend whom I first met at the party last month.

Note : whom dalam percakapan sering dihilangkan. Kemungkinan lain untuk contoh 2,3, dan 4 ialah :
 The girl to whom you spoke on the phone last night is John’s sister.
 The teacher with whom you studied English last year is Mr. Winata.
 The girl from whom you received a letter yesterday is Mary.

3. WHICH/THAT, digunakan untuk benda sebagai subject maupun object.

e.g. We are waiting for the bus. The bus goes to Bogor.
 We are waiting for the bus that goes to Bogor.

He works for a company. The company sells second-hand cars.
 He works for a company which sells second-hand cars.

The letter is in the drawer. The letter came from John.
 The letter that came from John is in the drawer.

The bag is full of money. I found the bag on the bus this morning.
 The bag which I found on the bus this morning is full of money.

The film was not good. We saw that film at Roy Theatre last night.
 The film that we saw at Roy Theatre last night was not good.

Note : which/that sebagai pokok anak kalimat (lihat contoh 1,2,3) tidak dihilangkan, tetapi bila sebagai subyek (contoh 4,5) sering dihilangkan dalam percakapan.

4. WHOSE, digunakan untuk orang yang memiliki.
e.g. The lady is my neighbour. He child is in hospital now.
 The lady whose child is in hospital now is my neighbour.

The man is very proud. His son is a pilot.
 The man whose son is a pilot is very proud.

The girl is Mary. Her brother is my school-mate.
 The girl whose brother is my school-mate is Mary.

Our new English teacher is an American. His name is Tom Grey.
 Our new English teacher whose name is Tom Grey is an American.

Do you know the boy ?. His motor-car is damage.
 Do you know the boy whose motor-car is damage ?

Note : whose dalam percakapan tidak dihilangkan.
Kata-kata where (=dimana) dan when (=ketika) dapat digunakan sebagai Relative Pronoun untuk menggantikan keterangan tempat dan keterangan waktu.

e.g. That is the office. My uncle works in that office.
 That is the office where my uncle works in.

This is the street. Mary lives on this street.
 This is the street where Mary lives on.

Please tell me the bank. John works in that bank.
 Please tell me the bank where John works in.

I have forgotten the day. She left for abroad on that day.
 I have forgotten the day when she left for abroad.

Do you still remember the day ?. we went for a picnic on that day.
 Do you still remember that day when we went for a picnic.

Note : Dalam percakapan where dan when boleh dihilangkan.

Materi di atas bisa anda download di link di bawah ini :

http://www.ziddu.com/download/15219316/GrammarBahasaInggrisBabV.pdf.html

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