Download Grammar Bahasa Inggris (Conditional Sentence)


*******CONDITIONAL SENTENCE*******

 Conditional Sentence (Kalimat Pengandaian) terdiri dari 2 bagian kalimat yaitu Induk Kalimat (Main Clause) dan Anak Kalimat (Sub Clause) dengan if (seandainya). Dalam Bahasa Inggris, kalimat pengandaian dibagi dalam 3 type yaitu:

Type I. Future Possible

Type II. Present Unreal

Type III. Past Unreal

 

  1. I.          Future Possible (kemungkinan di masa akan datang)

Digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu perbuatan yang akan dilakukan /terjadi di masa kan datang bila suatu syarat dipenuhi. Sehingga dengan kata lain, kemungkinan terjadinya perbuatan itu, bergantung pada syaratnya dipenuhi atau tidak. Sikap pembicara dalam hal ini netral dan masih menunjukkan harapan bahwa perbuatan tersebut dapat terjadi. Untuk type ini susunan kalimatnya sebagai berikut :

Induk Kalimat (Main Clause)       –   Simple Future Tense

Anak Kalimat (If Clause)             –   Simple Present Tense

Type  :  If + S + Present (V1/am,is,are), S + Modal Present (Will + V1/be)

e.g.  If you study hard, you will pass the examination.

If the weather is fine tomorrow, we will go for a picnic.

If I go to England, I will visit Buckingham Palace.

I will buy a car if I have much money.

He will tell you if he knows the answer.

Unless – if not (jika tidak)

Unless digunakan untuk menggantikan if not, untuk pernyataan Negative. Perhatikan perubahan dalam kalimat-kalimat di bawah ini :

e.g –  If you don’t take an umbrella, you will get wet.

Unless you take an umbrella, you will get wet.

–  If you don’t study hard, you won’t pass the examination.

Unless you study hard, you won’t pass the examination.

–  If it doesn’t rain tomorrow, I will go for a swim.

Unless it rain tomorrow, I will go for a swim.

–  No one will come to the door if he doesn’t ring the bell.

No one will come to the door Unless he ring the bell.

–  We will be late if we don’t leave now.

We will be late Unless we leave now.

  1. II.       Present Unreal (berlawanan dengan kenyataan sekarang)

Digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu keadaan yang berbeda/berlawanan dengan kenyataan di masa sekarang. Sikap pembicara dalam hal ini agak pesimis karena kemungkinan terjadinya perbuatan tersebut hanya sedikit. Susunan kalimatnya sebagai berikut :

Induk Kalimat (Main Clause)       –   Past Future Tense

Anak Kalimat (If Clause)             –   Simple Past Tense

Type  :  If + S + Past (V2/were), S + Modal Past (Would + V1/be)

e.g –  If you study hard, you would pass the examination. (You don’t study hard)

–  If I had a car, I would take a trip to Bali. (I don’t have a car)

–  If my father knew how to drive, he would buy a car. (My father doesn’t know to drive)

–  I would eat Japanese food if I lived in Japan. (I don’t live in Japan)

–  He would buy a new house if he had much money. (He don’t have much money)

Jika anak kalimat (if clause) dinyatakan dengan to be, maka kita menggunakan kata were untuk semua subject (I were, you were, he were, etc.)

e.g –  If I were the moon, you would be the star.

–  If I were a bird, I would fly all over the world.

–  If he were not busy this time, he would help you.

–  If I were him, I wouldn’t do that.

– If I were rich, I would make a trip around the world.

  1. III.    Past unreal (berlawanan dengan kenyataan masa lampau)

Digunakan untuk menyatakan suatu keadaan yang berbeda/berlawanan dengan kenyataan yang sebenarnya di masa lampau. Sikap pembicara dalam hal ini adalah menyesal (regretting). Susunan kalimatnya sebagai berikut :

Induk Kalimat (Main Clause)       –   Past Future Perfect Tense

Anak Kalimat (If Clause)             –   Past Perfect Tense

Type  :  If + S + Past Perfect (had + V3/had been), S + Modal Past Perfect (Would + have + V3/been)

e.g –  If he had gone to the concert last night, he would have seen Mary. (He didn’t go to the concert)

–  If I had seen you yesterday, I would have told you about it. (I didn’t see you yesterday)

–  If the weather had been fine yesterday, we would have gone for a swim. (The weather was bad yesterday)

–  If you had told her the truth, she wouldn’t have been angry. (You didn’t tell her the truth)

–  If I had received your message, I would have come at once. (I didn’t receive your message)

Note  : kata If dapat dihilangkan dalam Conditional dengan cara to be/auxilary-nya diletakkan sebelum subjek.

e.g –  If I were a doctor, I would help you.

Were I a doctor, I would help you.

–  If he had studied harder, he would passed the test.

Had he studied harder, he would passed the test.

File ini bisa anda download di link :

http://www.ziddu.com/download/14970594/GrammarBahasaInggrisBABIII.pdf.html

Tinggalkan komentar

1 Komentar

  1. Dhea

     /  13 Mei 2011

    wah.. jadi paham dengan conditional Sentence

    Balas

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